ERA21 #01/2018 Places of Knowledge

kniha editorial

Places of Knowledge

Ladislav Zikmund-Lender

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news

column

Je česká architektura zajímavá?

Ondřej Hojda

reviews

kniha completed project

Hall, Not-Hall. Sports Hall in Dolní Břežany »

Aleš Kubalík, Josef Kocián, Jakub Našinec, Veronika Sávová / Sporadical

The new sports hall in Dolní Břežany is no ordinary school gym. Administratively still a part of the local elementary school, but also used by the public for sports and social events. It’s recognized as a new, key venue for the town's social life, but it’s located on the very edge of the current development, overlooking the surrounding fields. Attracting attention with its unmistakable shape and expression; but also reflecting the surroundings and sometimes blending with them due to its brushed aluminum shell. Compact on the outside, spacious inside. Magic, maybe?

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intro

Images Connect »

Henny Boogert

Young people worldwide fight for the same ideal: to gain knowledge, move forward, start their career. But not all of them have easy access to education. The aim of the project ImagesConnect is to connect students from the wealthier western world with students in developing countries whose living and study conditions are often noticeably worse. The photography series charts, in a stylized way, the accommodation conditions of students from various parts of the world. Through portraits, video documentaries, and interviews with the students, it aims to provoke a discussion about internationally equal approaches to higher education. One click on the project website is enough for the students to connect, share experiences, and exchange their knowledge.

starting point

Tradition and Contradiction of “Our” Campus »

Ladislav Zikmund-Lender

In the following articles of this issue we ask which characteristics form the traditional and contemporary American and Japanese campuses. It is also worth considering the question, what degree of Czech (or Czechoslovak) influence has there been on our campuses. And, lastly, there is also the question of whether it really is characteristically “ours”.

excursion

Campuses and Hierarchy of Space Densification After 1989 »

Filip Šenk, Hynek Látal

Unique to campuses in general is the fact that they are not just a random cluster of buildings with research and educational functions. They may, or even should, support the communality of academia with their overall arrangement. Nevertheless, it’s not possible to say about a particular form of building arrangement that it creates communality, but it might help. Therefore, when thinking about the methodologic view of the contemporary interventions one cannot dwell upon individual buildings but needs to consider the whole solution and the relations between individual buildings. In other words, to observe how each building does or doesn’t contribute to creating a coherent complex with a transparent hierarchy of space.

completed project

Variations on a Theme of Bata. Educational Complex of Tomas Bata University in Zlín »

Eva Jiřičná, Petr Vágner, Jura Bečička / AI-DESIGN

The educational complex of Tomas Bata University in Zlín is composed of two identical, six-story tracts connected by a single-story entrance building where the lobby with reception and auditorium for 240 people are located. The two dominant buildings are linked by two underground floors with garages, service, and technical facilities. The structure is located in the center of Zlín near other university buildings and a congress center. It respects the urban grid of the given location and smoothly connects to the existing development with its orientation and architectural expression.

completed project

Around the Courtyard. CARLA – Center for Advancement of Research in the Liberal Arts at Masaryk University in Brno »

Petr Pelčák / Pelčák a partner architekti

The premises of the Faculty of Arts of Masaryk University in Brno consist of a variety of buildings that were built here over the last 150 years. The renewal sought a common theme to create a truly academic environment – a campus. Its central and unifying feature is a courtyard that used to belong to the city orphanage’s garden. The courtyard also becomes important because of the position and orientation of the new campus entrance. So far, only the remodeling of the oldest buildings of the orphanage have been finished, and a new building has replaced the provisional structure from 1922. The radical rebuilding of the remaining part on Arne Novák Street is still being completed.

study

Alois Dryák and the Academic Square in Brno »

Markéta Žáčková, Barbora Slavíčková

Planning of one of the most ambitious urban schemes in Brno – the Academic District that should have contained both the Masaryk University buildings and the Czech Technical University buildings, plus the biggest square in Brno or the Supreme Court – illustrates in many ways the syndrome of the inability to reach a consensus and to finish a project that we encounter ever so often in this Moravian metropolis. The most noticeable examples include—above all—the “Brno railway problem,” which was formulated nearly one hundred years ago without ever having come to fruition and the so-called “Brno athletic dream” – still just in fragments – which was supposed to be an extensive sports and recreation area behind Lužánky Park.

competition

Albertov Campus – Biocentrum, Globcentrum »

Juraj Matula, Richard Sidej, Martin Tycar / Znamení čtyř – architekti

In September 2015, Charles University in Prague launched a two-stage open architecture competition for the extension of the Albertov Campus; specifically for the design of two new research and educational department buildings – Biocentrum and Globcentrum – and of their immediate surroundings. The scale and complexity of the brief, the challenging program and location in the center of Prague made this competition one of the most important in recent years. From the thirty-three entries submitted in the first stage, six advanced to the second stage. The project by Znamení čtyř – architekti was chosen as the winning design. The construction of the campus should begin in 2020 and its opening is planned for 2022; the estimated price is 2.5 billion CZK.

interview

What’s American about the American Campus Planning? Paul V. Turner Interviewed by Ladislav Zikmund-Lender »

In 1984 a book called Campus: An American Planning Tradition was published. It received the Hitchcock Book Award, named after perhaps the most important American architectural historian of the 20th century, from the Society of Architectural Historians. The book remains a canonical and unsurpassed publication on the topic. Here, we discuss it with its author, Paul V. Turner, Professor Emeritus of Architectural History at Stanford University.

history

A Model Society: The American University Campus »

Aaron Betsky

In its ideal form, the American campus has served as a model for how we can shape a community out of diverse people gathered together in the pursuit of knowledge. The campus had a clear model: the colleges of Oxford and Cambridge, and less directly, the monasteries that preceded these elite sites for cultural formation. In the late 19th Century, the elite universities formed in an Ivy League and several others developed a character to their architecture that further removed the campus from their context. The preferred styles the administrations and their architects turned to was either Neo-Gothic or Neo-Georgian. Despite the exclusive idea to form new elites of WASP men that has shaped the form of American campus, students are more or less free to learn, to socialize, and to create the kind of fluid community that is so central to the functioning of a democratic society.

completed project

Strength in Unity. Faculty of Fine Art, Music and Design of the University of Bergen »

Snøhetta

After a thorough reorganization, the Faculty of Fine Art, Music and Design of the University of Bergen (KMD) has moved from six independent buildings scattered around the city into one new unit in the former industrial neighborhood Møllendal. Besides the functionality of the space and the material used, its architectural design is based on the idea of connecting the internal life of the school with the public life of the city. Their contact mainly takes place in the spacious entrance hall that also serves as a project room, workshop, exhibition and social space.

completed project

Intersection. Central European University Campus in Budapest »

O’Donnell + Tuomey

The first phase of a complex renewal and expansion of Budapest's private Central European University (CEU) campus was finished. The educational institution was provided with a new representative entrance area, a large library, and a multi-purpose auditorium. The project, gradually connecting seven neighboring buildings in the historical core of the city, is conceptually based on the symbolical idea of a university as an intersection of spaces and beliefs. The roofed courtyards, accessible to the public and inspired by the passageways in city palaces, provide the circulation system and social space of the campus.

completed project

Under One Roof. ArtLab Building on Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Campus in Lausanne »

Kengo Kuma & Associates

Three specific pavilions are grouped under one roof of the new ArtLab building on the EPFL campus in Lausanne: the technology and information center, the art and science pavilion, and the musical archives and café. The design symbolically expresses the values and aims of the initiative of the same name that promotes collaboration between the natural sciences and the humanities, and public engagement in scholastic life. The building responds to the existing visual links and pedestrian circulation routes in the area; important paths are sheltered by the overhanging roof or let through by generous passages.

history

University Campuses as a Litmus Test of Westernization »

Helena Čapková

The historical development of the Japanese campus followed in parallel the development of the modern Japanese empire that began with the Meiji Restoration in 1868. Since the beginning of the new era both state and private universities had been founded, including universities run by Christian missions. The university ethos was systematically projected in the campus architecture so that, for instance, it evoked an impression of older, more famous universities in the United States of America. A prominent builder in this respect was Antonín Raymond (1888–1976), whose designs for Tokyo Woman’s Christian University (1921–1938) and for Nanzan University in Nagoya (1962–1964) are among the best examples of this type of architecture in Japan.

idea

Fabulous Dorm »

Ina Weise, Danielle Kourtesis, Nima Keshtkar

Welcome to Fabulous Jakobsplan, a radiant oasis in the center of Weimar. Tall and elegant, it is a harmonic symbiosis of concrete and glass. White as sugar, and dazzling like a diamond, it articulates our common wish to get to the future faster and better. Efficient and high tech, the building is equipped with centralized heating, high-speed elevators, washers, dryers, and all the latest modern amenities. The open kitchens are flooded with light and offer panoramic views of the city and beyond. The versatile space, with a stylish lobby, a generous rooftop terrace, an in-house fitness center, and a verdant garden, guarantees that residents remain nurtured by their surroundings. The spacious rooms with customized furniture are the perfect fit for Weimar’s international intelligentsia. More than a dream come true, it is an expression of the future and all its bright promises.

trends

annex

Basic Preconditions for Successful Building Acoustics Design

Jana Faitová

annex

Ceramic Bricks vs. Autoclaved Concrete: Permanent Fixtures Among Building Materials

Jan Stavinoha

completed project

Back to the Foundation. Remodelling of Špork Palace in Prague »

Stanislav Fiala / Fiala + Nemec

After structural modifications from the early 20th century, only the front façade of the original Baroque palace, located near the Powder Tower and Municipal House, remained. A new Anglobanka building complex was erected behind it with the main building designed by Josef Gočár. After 1948, the palace was nationalized and the interior was gradually engulfed by layers of poorly conceived, insensitive modifications. The project of the remodel encompasses the whole historically preserved complex. Office spaces have been revived on individual floors, new restaurants are opening on the ground floor, and a rooftop terrace will overlook the Old Town. The building is functionally simple and yet comfortable, using progressive construction technology and materials. It should correspond with Gočár’s original design as much as possible when the remodel is finished.

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